Vitiligo or Leukoderma (White Spots)
Vitiligo is a condition that causes patchy loss of skin coloring. Vitiligo occurs when pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) die or stop producing melanin. It tends to progress over time, with larger areas of the skin losing pigment. Some people with vitiligo also have patches of pigment loss affecting the hair on their scalp or body. It may be an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the skin cells that make color. Vitiligo can be stressful but not life-threatening or contagious.
Types of vitiligo
In non-segmental vitiligo (also called bilateral), the symptoms often appear on both sides of your body as symmetrical white patches.
Symmetrical patches can appear on the backs of your hands, arms, skin around eyes, knees, elbows and feet
In segmental vitiligo (also known as unilateral or localised vitiligo), the white patches only affect one area of your body.
Segmental vitiligo is less common than non-segmental vitiligo, although it’s more common in children
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